Young Researchers Workshop: Ki-Net 2012-2019

On the trend to global equilibrium for Kuramoto oscillators

Javier Morales

University of Maryland


In this talk, we study the convergence to the stable equilibrium for Kuramoto oscillators. Specifically, we derive estimates on the rate of convergence to the global equilibrium for solutions of the Kuramoto-Sakaguchi equation in a large coupling strength regime from generic initial data. As a by-product, using the stability of the equation in the Wasserstein distance, we quantify the rate at which discrete Kuramoto oscillators concentrate around the global equilibrium. In doing this, we achieve a quantitative estimate in which the probability that the oscillators will concentrate at the given rate tends to one as the number of oscillators increases. Among the essential steps in our proof are: 1) An entropy production estimate inspired by the formal Riemannian structure of the space of probability measures ; 2) A new quantitative estimate on the instability of equilibria with antipodal oscillators based on the dynamics of norms of the solution in sets evolving by the continuity equation; 3) The use of generalized local logarithmic Sobolev and Talagrand type inequalities, 4) The study of a system of coupled differential inequalities, by a treatment inspired by the work of L. Desvillettes and C. Villani on the Boltzmann equation. Since the Kuramoto-Sakaguchi equation is not a gradient flow with respect to the Wasserstein distance, we derive such inequalities under a suitable fibered transportation distance. This is a joint work with David Poyato (University of Granada).