Young Researchers Workshop: Kinetic descriptions in theory and applications

Quadratic assignment, semidefinite programming, and graph neural networks.

Soledad Villar

New York University


Quadratic assignment is a very general problem in theoretical computer science. It includes graph matching, the traveling salesman problem, and the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between finite metric spaces as particular cases. Quadratic assignment is in general NP-hard and even hard to approximate, but in fact the problem can be tractable for a large subset of instances. In this talk we present different algorithmic approaches that lead to meaningful results for different data models. A semidefinite relaxation provides a pseudometric that can be computed in polynomial-time and has similar topological properties to the GH distance. A projected power iteration algorithm succeeds at aligning noisy networks. And a graph neural network can actually learn an algorithm to solve network alignment and the traveling salesman problem from solved problem instances.